China’s path to global ecological civilization

Two months ago, a herd of China’s wandering Asian elephants finally returned home after a 17-month odyssey that caught global attention.

But the discussion on ecological civilization continues, and the public’s ongoing interest in these international stars reflects that more and more awareness is being paid to the issue.

China’s efforts to escort the elephants home also show the world that the country is committed to being an important participant, contributor and leader in advancing global ecological progress.

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On October 11, the first phase of the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on biological diversity (COP15) was opened in Kunming, Yunnan, China. Short film “Elephants’ Journey in Yunnan” was premiered at the opening ceremony. “Elephants’ Journey in Yunnan” records the story of 16 wild Asian elephants which left their habitat in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, last spring and finally returned home after 17 months of trek of 1,300 ks. Tens of thousands of people guarded their journey and gained mutual trust with the elephant herd.

A participant and a contributor

Deploying drones, restricting traffic and lights, sending a special work team to guide the giant animals… all these measures taken by the local authorities highlighted the patience and care the Chinese people paid to uninvited wild elephants.

This epitomized China’s efforts to practice biodiversity protection and was a chapter in China’s plan to promote global ecological civilization.

As the country is the second-largest economy in the world and the fastest-growing trillion-dollar economy, its achievements at home will undoubtedly contribute to the global effort. For instance, in the past 10 years, China’s forest resources increased by over 70 million hectares, ranking first in the world.

Meanwhile, on the world stage, China was among the first signatories to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and played an important part in the conclusion of the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement.

The country was also among the first to sign and ratify the Convention on Biological Diversity and it has fulfilled the obligations stipulated in the Convention.

It is worth mentioning that in 2013, China proposed the Belt and Road Initiative with the aim of building a trade and infrastructure network connecting Asia with Europe, Africa and beyond, and now it has embarked on a journey featuring green and sustainable development.

Renewable energy investments, including solar, wind and hydro, now make up the majority of Chinese overseas energy investments – increasing from 38 percent in 2019 to 57 percent in 2020, data from Beijing-based research body the Green Belt and Road Initiative Center showed.

A leader and a model

China’s efforts to promote green development have earned global recognition.

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) decided to promote China’s philosophy of ecological progress in February 2013 and released a report on China’s strategies and practices in the field two years later.

In 2014, the UNEP recognized Chongming Island in east China’s Shanghai as a recommended model of green economic development and a report by the organization hailed the core values of Chongming’s eco-development as reflecting UNEP’s green economy vision.

Chongming can serve as “an ideal ecological demonstration area in Shanghai, and as a special region which focuses on ecological civilization to serve as a world model,” said the report.

Saihanba Afforestation Community in Hebei Province received the United Nations’ highest environmental honor – the Champions of the Earth award – for transforming degraded land into a lush paradise.

China’s river chief system, which was started in December 2016, is another example. Xia Zehan, a representative of the UNESCO representative office in China, said that it reflects Chinese characteristics in the process of biodiversity conservation, rural revitalization and integrated watershed management.

By assigning each waterway in the country a specific steward, or “river chief,” the mechanism has proved effective in combating water pollution and strengthening water governance.

In 2017, the UNEP published a report on the Kubuqi Business Model, which has created wealth through eco-restoration, in Ordos City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It is the first eco-wealth report published by the UN and the first case report recognizing China’s work in ecological civilization construction.

There are still many more stories to be written on China’s experiences and solutions in advancing global ecological civilization, and China has called on all countries to achieve a green recovery of the world economy in the post-COVID era.

This year’s 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) to the Convention on Biological Diversity is the next chance at hand.

As the host of the COP15, China stands ready to work together with other countries for an ambitious, balanced and realistic framework and a clean, beautiful world thriving with life, said the Chinese Foreign Ministry.

SOURCE: CGTN, 10-Oct-2021